Choosing Quality Child Care
Steps to Choosing Quality Child Care
Placing your child in childcare will be one of the most difficult decisions you will have to make as a parent. When choosing a child care arrangement you want to make sure you choose the best program for your family, which will stimulate them and fulfill their every need. There are several things you can do to help ensure that you choose an arrangement that both you and your child will enjoy and be comfortable with.
Questions to Ask
During your initial phone call, here are a few questions you might ask:
- What are your days and hours of operation?
- What are your fees and what do they include?
- Are meals and snacks provided?
- Can you give me 2 references?
Once you have made your initial phone calls and checked references, you should narrow your choices and schedule one-on-one appointments with at least 3 childcare programs and plan a visit to each.
Talk & Tour
At your visit you will have the opportunity to talk one-on-one with the director of the program, and tour the facility. During your visit you should obtain a copy of any policy and procedures manuals they have for parents. Also, you might want ask about any special concerns you have such as payment schedules, late pick up, or their sick child policy.
Some other questions you may want to ask are:
- What are their staff/child ratios? - How many children are there per teacher?
- What training and experience does the staff have?
- Are all teachers trained in first aid and CPR
- Is there a visiting policy? (If they do not allow you to visit at anytime you may want to find out why.)
- How are the children disciplined? (There should be no corporal punishment, as well as limited time out usage.)
- What emergency procedures are in place?
During your tour you should look to make sure the facility appears to be safe:
- Electrical outlets should be covered
- Fire escape plan should be posted
- Outdoor area should be safe and fenced in
- Toys and furniture should be in good shape and suitable for play
- First aid equipment is accessible
- There is an adult supervising children at all times
- All cleaning supplies should be well out of the children’s reach and medicines should be kept locked
While in the classroom, look to see if the teacher is taking part in the activities with the children and not sitting off to the side. The teacher should talk to the children in a way in which they can understand and relate to her.
You also want to make sure that the children seem happy and enjoy each other and the teacher. Also check to make sure there is a variety of toys and activities that are easily accessible to the children and appropriate for the ages of the children in the classroom.
After you have had an appointment with each program you are considering, it is a good idea to make at least one unannounced visit. At this visit check to see if the program seems to be operating in the same way as before. When you look into the classroom, notice if the children are playing freely or made to sit in groups or at a table. Young children should not be expected to sit for extended periods of time.
When enrolling your child, you can help him/her have a smooth transition by talking to him about what to expect when he gets there. Before you leave you should tell your child good-bye and let him know when you’ll be coming back to pick him up. By doing this you are reassuring him that you will be back, which can help with separation anxiety. A staggered entry may also be helpful if this is the first time he/she will be exposed to childcare.